Thursday, January 16, 2020


He loved the solitude of the mountains, and as he dismounted his horse he smiled as the usual thoughts and emotions washed over him His ex-wife sarcastically called it the Zen of the Mountain Man, which he thought was a perfect fit. To him, well, to family going back a half-dozen generations these mountains were home, and in a lot of ways he knew his way around here better than his apartment complex.He led his horse to a tiny glade and tied the reins to a low branch where he could nibble on the mountain grass. For a brief moment he gazed at the steed and his hand-tooled saddle and was proud that everything he needed to live in the woods and mountains was right there in front of him. It gave him the comfort self-reliant people have, knowing how to use the best tools and equipment and keeping it all in good shape and neatly organized.He took his binoculars from a saddle bag and strapped it around his neck. From the scabbard came a well-used Ruger Number 1 rifle, a single-shot chambered in 7mm Remington Magnum topped with an equally worn Unertl scope. He was equally proud of his marksmanship; even after he lost the eye he rarely if ever needed a second shot. Besides, if you missed the first shot chances are your prey spooked and ran.He climbed a hundred yards or so to a rocky ridgeline that gave him a perfect view of the valley below and the mountainside opposite his position. Any shot at an elk here could be up to 500 yards, well within the lethal range of his gun and optics. He reloaded his own ammo, learning the hard way never leave anything to chance or someone else’s control. Soon he spied several younger bucks and a stag too big for the youngsters to challenge—for now.He loved the natural order of nature, how it provided for those who took care of it, and in his mind he was already butchering the bounty that would feed him well for months. He said a silent prayer the stag would keep grazing and present him a solid broadside shot. Suddenly he no ticed the elk froze, ears perked and eyes alert and just as suddenly they bolted out of sight. A brief moment later the sound that spooked his quarry rolled up the hill.â€Å"Fuck! Ignorant mother-fucking assholes!† he swore, already up and moving down to his horse as the distant growl of a big ‘dozer washed the hills. He unloaded his rifle and leaned the rifle against a tree. He found the ammo pouch he was looking for, each shell tipped with an especially hardened solid metal-piercing bullet.It took him a while to get a good view of the bright yellow machine as it tore into trees. â€Å"Just great, asshole,† he whispered to himself. Whack down another couple dozen trees and show yourself.† He waited until the moment the machine throttled up, certain the engine’s noise would mask his gunfire. He knew that from experience. He also knew that the metallic ‘bang’ of the bullet slamming through the engine cover and impacting on the engine, al ong with the sudden appearance of a shiny hole would get the operator’s attention.The heavy recoil of his shot rocked against his shoulder. He was halfway to his mount when he heard the motor die into silence. He shook his head in disgust and patted his horse. â€Å"Well, Jumper, just another day in fucking paradise.†On the way home he remembered the days when his oath and badge would have compelled him to search out and arrest the sneaky SOB vandal. It was both just a few years as well as a lifetime past. If anyone had the right to a hard-on for the logging interests, he did. He had tried to restore order in a bar full of loggers and lost his eye in the vicious brawl that ensued. At least a half-dozen loggers set upon him, kicking and laughing as the other patrons watched, either uncaring or too frightened to come to his aid. Miraculously he was able to draw his back-up revolver and shoot three of them, killing one, before they surrendered. Luck was with him—it was a five shot revolver.Insult was added to injury when he was taken off the road and given a job as a dispatcher. His brother-in-law lawyer was able to secure a decent monetary settlement for his injuries and partial loss of sight. Then a new sheriff was elected, nothing but a pawn of the logging coalition, and he was, in the vernacular, â€Å"adios’d†. Pissed as he was. he knew he couldn’t kill anyone, at least not without the heat of battle. But it wouldn’t stop him from ruining their day. Or months and years, he was happy to admit.As much as he liked the solitude, he wasn’t anti-social, and had more than a few good friends he regularly met up with at old bar. He thought his pal Barney summed it up: the kind of place Hemmingway would be comfortable barfing in. He loved Barney and his bullshit, and found him holding court with a bunch of coeds and beatniks. Barney held his lecture and beamed at him. â€Å"Yo! The Great White Hunter returns! Ar e we gonna have an elk bar-be-que tonight?†He glanced at the cleavage of the young girl putting his beer on the table. â€Å"No such luck. Busted. Goddam noise from the logging scares ‘em into fucking Canada.†Ã¢â‚¬Å"Well,† Barney said, â€Å"maybe you need to chase other game.†Ã¢â‚¬Å"Like hell I will.†Ã¢â‚¬Å"Take bulldozers for instance. The news says someone nailed a trophy Cat in Gates Valley this morning.†He raised his glass. â€Å"No shit? Here’s to ‘em!†Ã¢â‚¬Å"Yep.† Barney had a drunken grin. â€Å"Damn shame they’re too heavy to quarter and take home. It’d make a hellofa mount!†

Wednesday, January 8, 2020

America s Founding Fathers Trying With The American...

This paper will discuss what I believe America’s founding fathers tried to accomplish with the â€Å"American Experience†. This experience gives an understanding of America in the 20th century and the accomplishments in the 21st century. Let’s first look at the word federalism. Federalism has a major role in what our founding fathers tried to accomplish. It is â€Å"based on the concept of shared power between units of governments†. These units are defined in the United States Constitution; representing the national and the federal government and not forgetting the fifty state governments. In 2008, before being elected, our 44th President of the United States of America, Barak Obama campaigned â€Å"Change We Can Believe In†. I believe our†¦show more content†¦This system soon began to crumble because the weight became too heavy so then there was the â€Å"Crumble cake†. Our founding fathers had a vision that they can make America a better country through federalism. According to Joel 2:28 (NLT) â€Å"Then after doing all those things, I will pour out my Spirit upon all people. Your sons and daughters will prophecy. Your old men will dream dreams, and your young men will see visions†. I believe their sole purpose was to practice effective management. They tried a system that would benefit the people in their local cities. Systems are used to be effective. When it’s not effective one might ask, what did I do wrong? What did I miss? In some cities there are City Managers that actually understand the needs of the people and the vision comes through clear as the day. Staunton was the birthplace of the City Manager form of government. In the beginning, the new approach to government made it hard for some changes to exist, example street names. However, Staunton became very prosperous, many cities today use the same government struc ture. Not in the case of John Dillon of the Irish Parliamentary Party. He struggled to secure â€Å"Home Rule Kindness†. John Dillon was dedicated to what he believe was beneficial for the people of Ireland. He was imprisoned twice between May 1881 and May 1882 and then in 1888 he was imprisoned again for the fighting againstShow MoreRelatedThe Revolutionary Generation By Joseph J. Ellis1350 Words   |  6 Pagesoften in media, does one find a post-war political book. The Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation by Joseph J. Ellis dives in the complexities faced by the Founding Fathers of America. As they saw themselves as brothers (with the exception of Abigail Adams), they often did not agree on most of each other’s ideas. A prime example would be the 1790’s, when America witnessed the birth of political parties. The Founding Fathers encountered numerous tests as they tried to establish a democraticRead MoreEssay about Declaration Of Independence15 91 Words   |  7 Pageswhat was about to take place that day,the delegates would do something that would forever change the course of the American people. Throughout history, only a few documents have changed the way we as a nation view politics and carry out our everyday lives. The document mentioned above was the Declaration of Independence. It changed the course of history because it granted America its freedom from Great Britain. Originally, there was a committee created to compose the document which consisted ofRead MoreReligion And Government Should Be Kept Separated From Religion1617 Words   |  7 Pageshand, most of the people, explicitly politicians, have some kind of faith that they believe in and that guides them to make critical decisions, thus it is impossible to have a true separation of church and state. But, what I am trying to suggest is that currently, Americans support a system in which political decisions are made based upon valid arguments that stand on their own. These decisions do not require religious support. Government and religion should be kept separated because the overt relationshipRead MoreThe Freedom O f The United States1501 Words   |  7 Pagesestablishment of religion...† This bill gave people a chance to express their boundless desires, simple freedoms and more notably religious actions in America. American Christianity has deteriorating moral standards and blindly accepts everything within society. In 1636, Roger Williams created one of the first sparks of becoming religiously free in America. It all started when he was banned from Massachusetts Bay because he stood up for himself and presented a different religious belief than everyoneRead MoreAmeric The Land Of The Free1637 Words   |  7 PagesThe United States of America is known as the â€Å"land of the free†. But as most know â€Å"free† always comes with a price. Luckily, the price is worth a lifetime of opportunities and freedoms that other countries will never get to experience. America has immigrants naturalized every year. People from these countries come to America to pursue the â€Å"land of the free†. In fact, in 2014, â€Å"654,949 people were naturalized.†1 America is also known around the world as the country that practices democracy. TheRead MoreThe Historiography Of The American Revolution1869 Words   |  8 PagesThe historiography of the American Revolution can be primarily seen in four different perspectives. Founders Chic historians are concerned with the characters of the founding fathers. Loyalist historians focus on the mass exodus of the loyalists before and during the American Revolution. African American historians focus on contributions made by African Americans during the American Revolution, and finally Imperial historians are concerned with the British perspective and British colonial policyRead MoreTranscendentalism And Transcendentalism : Transcendentalism1589 Words   |  7 PagesBetween the 1840s and 1860s, the movement known as Transcendentalism surfaced and soared. The Transcendentalist movement began as a physiological movement, which then influenced the literature of those who studied it, including its Americ an literary founder, Ralph Waldo Emerson. Transcendentalism took place at the end of the Romanticism era and the beginning of the Realism time period, but it had its own distinct characteristics. Transcendentalists were known for believing in a new way of comprehendingRead MoreIn Recent Years, We Have Seen An Increase In Mass Shootings1638 Words   |  7 Pagesprevent this from happening again?† Many people believe that these problems can be fixed by further regulating firearms, of course, this opens the question, â€Å"Should more gun laws be enacted?† Firearms are rooted deep our country’s history; our founding fathers having fought the revolutionary war for our freedom recognized the importance of guns to citizens. Adding it as a fundamental right in the constitution as the second amendment. Stating that A well regulated militia, being necessary to the securityRead MoreAnalysis Of Aaron Burr s The Duel With Alexander Hamilton 1697 Words   |  7 Pagesthe most detrimental events in Aaron Burr’s career was â€Å"The Duel† with Alexander Hamilton. Not only was dueling illegal in 1804 in New Jersey, which is where the duel occurred, but A aron Burr was the current Vice President of the United States of America taking part in an event that led to the death of Alexander Hamilton. Hamilton himself was one of the most powerful figures in the Federalist Party and was so well known within the party that his advocates believed that he emulated the political energyRead MoreThe Current Political Machine For House Incumbents1480 Words   |  6 PagesIt is no secret that Americans are disappointed with the current political machine that is running the country. This dislike was illustrated in a 2013 Gallup Poll. The poll discovered that only sixteen percent of Americans were happy with Congress. When American citizens are asked what solution they think would solve this problem, most respond, â€Å"Term limits† (Gallup)   In fact, eighty percent of Americans support the concept (Cato).   Ã‚  Ã‚   The turnover rate for House incumbents who attempt reelection

Sunday, December 22, 2019

The Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down - 1469 Words

The Spirit Catches You and You Fall down, by Anne Fadiman, illuminates the issues that arise when constructive collaboration cannot be accomplished between two conflicting parties. The conflict between Western beliefs and Hmong ideology is illuminated through a young epileptic Hmong named Lia Lee, and her tragic experience due to cultural differences. Ultimately, the conflict between parent and doctor beliefs thwarted medical advancement, eventually leaving her in a vegetative state and a premature death. In order to fully understand her predicament, we must establish the bounds of each culture. Largely defined by science, Western culture approaches things in technical terms, with decisions being based on measurable evidence. Western advocates argue that individuals must understand and accept scientific reality over their religious views. Non-Western beliefs, such as the Hmong culture, are largely defined by religion and pseudo-science practices. Those that oppose strict Western ide ology, such as Francesca Farr, propose, â€Å"our view of reality is only a view, not reality itself† (p 276). In other words, reality is relative to the respective individual. Legitimate claims on both sides create a large grey area of misinterpretation. On the contrary, health does not have margin for misinterpretation. The lack of understanding can prevent Western doctors from providing certain aspects of treatment. Even worse, the patient may reject treatment entirely. This dilemma in culturalShow MoreRelatedThe Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down1888 Words   |  8 Pagesan example of culture. Authors Anne Fadiman and Joshua Reno explores the different aspects of culture and ethnography in their two books, The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures, and Waste Away: Working and Living with a North American Landfill. The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down illustrates the story of a Hmong child who ha s sever epilepsy, and the communication and cultural differences and challenges between western doctorsRead MoreThe Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down1004 Words   |  5 Pages1.) The book that I chose for my book report is, The spirit catches you and you fall down. The book was written by essayist and reporter, Ann Fadiman and was published in 1997 by Farrar, Straus and Giroux. There are 288 pages in this book. 2.) The book is non-fiction. 3.) When I was choosing a book, I was in utter confusion. I wasn t a reader and I didn t know where to look. Luckily, however, Professor Yanmei was able to show me this amazing book! 4.) There were many characters in this book, butRead MoreThe Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down2167 Words   |  9 PagesStructural Causes of Cultural Insensitivity in Anne Fadiman’s The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down Many years ago, an epileptic Hmong girl named Lia Lee entered a permanent vegetative state due to cross-cultural misunderstanding between her parents and her doctors. An author named Anne Fadiman documented this case and tried to untangle what exactly went wrong with the situation. Two key players in her narrative were Neil Ernst and Peggy Philp, the main doctors on Lia’s case. As Fadiman describesRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down Essay1527 Words   |  7 PagesThe English translation of the Hmong phrase â€Å"quag dab peg† is that the spirit catches you and you fall down. While western society knows this as epilepsy, the Hmong believe that the seizures are caused by the presence of a â€Å"dab† or soul stealing spirit, which leads the soul to leave the body.1 The Hmong consider those who suffer from epilepsy to be respectable and of a higher status. In The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down, the doctors and the Hmong ar e looking for a solution to the same problem;Read MoreCultural Diversity In The Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down1549 Words   |  7 Pages Cultural Diversity What happens when two very different or even mutually exclusive cultural perspective are forced into contact with one another? In Anne Fadiman’s The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down, there is a division between the shamanistic insubordinate cultural of Hmong refugees in Merced, California and the cold analytical approach of western medicine. In the early 1980s, the child of a Hmong refugee family in Merced, California is born with epilepsy, her name is Lia Lee. Anne FadimanRead MoreThe Spirit Catches You As You Fall Down By Anne Fadiman1688 Words   |  7 PagesThe book, The spirit Catches you as you Fall Down by Anne Fadiman follows the life of a Hmong family living in the city of Merced California after fleeing their home in Laos due to persecution. The main focus of the book is a little girl named Lia Lee who suffers tragedy in her life at a very young age. The book illustrates the differences between the healing methods, or medical procedures between the western cult ure and the Hmong culture, and how if affected Lia and her family as she grew up. TheRead More The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down by Anne Fadiman Essay1868 Words   |  8 PagesThe Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down by Anne Fadiman is about the cross-cultural ethics in medicine. The book is about a small Hmong child named Lia Lee, who had epilepsy. Epilepsy is called, quag dab peg1 in the Hmong culture that translates to the spirit catches you and you fall down. In the Hmong culture this illness is sign of distinction and divinity, because most Hmong epileptics become shaman, or as the Hmong call them, txiv neeb2. These shamans are special people imbued with healing spiritsRead MoreThe Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down Essay1566 Words   |  7 PagesThe book titled The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: Talks about a Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures written by Anne Fadiman. Anne Fadiman is an American essayist and reporter, who int erests include literary journalism. She is a champion of the National Book Critics Circle Award for Nonfiction, the Salon Book Award, and the Los Angeles Times Book Prize for Current Interest. In the book, Anne Fadiman explores the clash between a county hospital in CaliforniaRead MoreThe Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down1273 Words   |  6 PagesThe United States is known for its melting pot of cultures, which creates one of the most contentious issues in the medical world which is the clash of cultures. The book we read â€Å"The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down† is a great example of how a miss communication and struggle between cultures which lead to a very dismal end. The difference in beliefs cause constant issues in communication, even though both want what is best. Lia Lee was born into a Hmong refugee family with very bad epilepsyRead MoreThe Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down968 Words   |  4 PagesResponse to The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down â€Å"Medicine was religion. Religion was society. Society was medicine† (Fadiman, 1997). To the Hmong’s, this is a way of life. Everything in their culture is interrelated and represents a holistic view. As Americans, we try to incorporate the holistic approach into our health care system, but heavily rely on medications and science to treat illness. Arthur Kelinman developed the explanatory model of illness which incorporates a series of questions

Saturday, December 14, 2019

Darvin and Evolution †Lesson Plan Free Essays

string(41) " Those Diaries may have a use after all\." Time constraints meant I couldn’t cover everything I wanted to cover during ‘Topic’. Other investigations that may have been included are: Artificial Selection Why are cows and sheep not extinct? Why are there so many kinds of dog? Where do red, blue and black roses come from? What are yellow bananas? Sexual Selection Why do peacocks -and many other birds – have such beautiful plumage? A predator can find them easily, so why have they evolved that way? A festive’ example (cough): Why do reindeer have antlers? 1 Do Mammals Have Emotions? Do mammals experience fear, happiness, sadness, grief? I hope to address these and other questions during Science. In the meantime, here is a collection of books which you may or may not find useful: Richard Adkins’ book is a hardcore response to all who question evolution as scientific fact. We will write a custom essay sample on Darvin and Evolution – Lesson Plan or any similar topic only for you Order Now Chris Stringer works at the National History Museum and is often called upon by the media to explain the origins of modern humans. His The Origin of our Species is a popular and engaging read which sets out to answer all the big questions in the debate about our origins. The graphic adaptation of Origins by Keller and illustrator Nicolle Rage Fuller is a marvelous version of Darning’s seminal work. The illustrations are drawn from Darning’s own words, including his diaries and letters. The book is brought up to date with a graphic account of recent breakthroughs in evolutionary science. It would make a wonderful gift for teenagers and adults with an interest in evolutionary theory. I love it. The nutty looking book by Murphy is funny, informative and perfect for Yr 5/6 +. I would highly recommend it for use when planning the ‘Life’ units in the Science SOW. The final book would be enjoyed by Yr/6 and anyone requiring a gentle introduction to Darwin and his ideas. The first lesson is a look at the Genesis account and other creation myths, but don’t let that fool you into thinking this plan is creationism or so-called ‘intelligent’ design in disguise, it most definitely isn’t! It is a celebration of Charles Darwin and evolutionary theory. I believe Darning’s â€Å"dangerous idea† is one of the most important topics we’ll ever teach our kids. I hope you enjoy teaching it. Kind regards, Lou Armor Darwin, Evolution and the Origins of Life L 1/2 – All Things Bright And Beautiful Success Criteria I can write a creation myth. Intro Entry song: Sing the first verse of All Things Bright And Beautiful. What is the hymn about? Why do you think it was written? Does anybody know of any other songs, rhymes, etc that describe the rich diversity of life found on earth? Show: How God created the world. Http://www. Youth. Com/watch? V=7_Acquiesced=related What is the little girl attempting to explain? Where did she get the explanation from? Display the relevant Genesis passage as a timetable. What do you think about the Genesis story as an explanation of life? Are there any oddities about the Genesis account? How old do you think the world is according to Genesis? (Creationists believe the world is only 6000-10,000 years old). Activity Entry question: All cultures have creation myths. Do you know of any? Greek, Egyptian, Norse? Rudyard Kipling? How many creation myths do you think there are? Is there any reason why any one story should be the ‘correct’ one? Part 1 Story Telling Task Show the clips, complete with a brief discussion of their story features/structure between each. Record the features, etc on the board for later use. How elephant got his trunk http://www. Youth. Com/watch? V=bishop_ICQ How Zebra got her stripes http://www. Youth. Com/watch? V=Mississippi=related Why Bat flies at night http://www. Youth. Com/watch? V=pedophilia pop=related LA – Referring to the board prompts and pictures children plan and write their own story book from ONE of Elephant, Zebra and Baboon, Koala or Bat. MA/HA- + those LA who wish to do so – work in pairs and write an original and creative story for ONE of the following: How Tiger got her stripes How Peacock got his feathers Leopard got his spots How Kangaroo got her pouch How Tortoise got his shell How bear got her stumpy tail How Encourage children to act out their story as a means of composing it and telling it. Inform HA children that they will be telling their story during ‘Myth Time’. Activity continues overleaf. Part 2 Outdoor Task: Critical Thinking entry: a) Observation and discussion walk around the top field/Dingles Dell/flower beds, etc. Ask critical questions – lots of why and how – about ‘supernatural design’, leaf structure, complexity, etc without straying into Darwin and evolution. ) Inform hillier that scientists estimate the world to be about 5. 1 billion years old. Create the ‘The Lo Roll Timeline’. Say, Wow! ‘ Discuss. Take photos. C) Uri-peg two of the lines, remove their post-its and add them to the Zero end of one of the other lines so that you have one long line made up of three of the original lines. Line 1 (with it†™s post-its in place) + Line 2 + Line 3 = The Age of the Universe. Now take a look at the red edge! So where would the Genesis 6,000 – 10,000 years be now!!!!? Microscopic! Assessment and Look Forward IQ: Did anybody notice anything odd about Day 1 and Day 4? E below) What are your thoughts about the Genesis story in light of making the ‘Lo Roll Timeline? Why would an all powerful, caring and gentle God create a wasp which seeks only to burrow into the bodies of living caterpillars with the intention of eating them from the inside? What is the point of it? For the next lesson: Ask children to bring in as many toy animals and small world vegetation as they can carry. Ask children to begin making a list in their Diaries of the types of living things they see day to day and to bring it in next lesson. Onto been – Those Diaries may have a use after all. You read "Darvin and Evolution – Lesson Plan" in category "Papers" Talking with friends and family Does science have anything to say about life on earth? Can anyone think of any really old things that have been found, in a rock or on a beach, say? Scientific evidence tells us that the earth is over 5 billion years old. Life first originated in the oceans 3. 4 billion years ago. The dinosaurs died out 65 million years in the past. The first modern humans (Homo Sapiens) appeared 100,000 yr ago but the recorded history of humans stretches back only 10,000 years in time. Find out more about these things. Talk about these things with a friend for next time. Begin making your own Evolution Journal at home (It could be a combination of literacy homework and voluntary work, so there could be an incentive of some sort I. E. Credits). Lesson Resources Writing and drawing materials. Lo rolls, tents pegs, knitting needles, long nails, post-it notes. Teaching Support Creation myths: http://www. Magical. Com/creationism. HTML AY: God supposedly creates light and separates light from darkness, and day from night, on the first day. Yet he didn’t make the light producing objects (the sun and the stars) until the fourth day. So how could there be â€Å"the evening and the morning† on the first day if there as no sun to mark them? Myth Time: Split the children into groups for ‘Myth Time’ on the carpet and around tables, etc. HA children read/act out their story to their group. On completion – if time allows – children move to another story teller. Further stories, including, Elephant, Zebra, Bat, can be told at the end of each day over the course of the week. L 3-4 Endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful None as such. The aim here is to inspire awe and wonder. Learning about classification is a bonus! 3 Introduction Endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful. Entry activity: Children place their toys and small world materials on their tables. Entry phrase: Write the above phrase on the board and read it aloud using an dramatic voice to inject a sense of wonder. Ask the children if they can figure out what this exquisite phrase refers to. Ask: If forms’ means ‘kinds of, what do you think is being described? (The above phrase is taken from the conclusion of Darning’s On The Origin of Species By Natural Selection, 1859). Entry Sq: How many kinds of living organisms exist upon on the earth? 4 How many have been made extinct? 5 Task 1: Using toy animals, small world vegetation and large whets of paper children to begin to make a (HUGE! ) list of living organisms (use this term repeatedly throughout term). Prompt children for as wide a variety of living organisms as possible. Can children see any similarities or differences between the organisms listed/shown? Task 2: Using toy animals, small world vegetation and large sheets of paper: How can living organisms be grouped into different things? Children use their own grouping criteria to group them. What discoveries have they made? What problems ensue? Help by providing prompts: weeds, trees, flowers, insects, micro-organisms, marine, land and air life. How far can children keep going with the groups? Would a Venn diagram help? (MA/HA math children especially). Do any of the living things live and exist in 2 or 3 environments? (amphibians, flying insects, seabirds, otters, turtles, etc) Outdoor Competition: Teams fill a matchbox with as many different living organisms as possible. Discuss the results. Tell me something about the lists and diagrams we have made. Help children to develop a sense of awe and wonder at the diversity of life. Finish with Where do these endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful come from? ‘How is such diversity possible? Inform children that they will be learning more about the classification of living organisms during Science. For the next lesson: Ask children to bring in: a toy dinosaur, animal or doll, a box for the toy, a simple gardening tool for digging e. G. A small fork or trowel. Darning’s pod: Charles Darwin loved listening to music and dancing with pretty ladies – I know, I know but that’s because people only ever see the photos of him as an old man – so we are going to begin a collection of music that Darwin would have on his pod were he alive today. Who would like to be the collector of the pod music? You will be responsible for overseeing the downloading of any requested amp track and recording the name of it’s contributor. To be a contributor you will have to pay its cost – via my Amazon account – which will probably be between 50-app per track. For example, I will pay for Louis Armstrong’s What a wonderful World’, price app. At the end of the topic we shall celebrate Darwin and have his pod playing in the back ground whilst we do so. Collectors and contributors – in role biz. The great man – could present Charles Darning’s ‘Galapagos Island Discs’ to parents during our class- based assembly. Ask children to think about these and other questions and to discuss them with their friends before the next lesson. Ask the children to wonder what they might be learning about next time? Large sheets of paper, post-its, card for labels and drawing materials. The scope for CIT use in every one of these lesson is enormous – interactive timeliness, natural selection games, movies, etc but the notebook are too small, too unreliable, and too few in number for all classes to be using simultaneously. And ‘1 between 2’ tends to cause more problems than it solves? Perhaps Joy could ad many of the links to our lass web pages so kids can explore them at home? Http://en. Wisped. Org/wick/Charles_Darwin See also the resources I have put on the R:drive. In addition I have several books about Darwin and evolution which people may wish to borrow. L 5/6 – Darning’s great adventure. I know what fossils are, how they are made and what they can tell us. I can describe what Darwin saw on his voyage aboard the Beagle and some of the difficulties he faced collecting his specimens . Charles Darning’s great adventure. Entry question: Hold up a Ole note and ask: Who is this? What is she famous for? Turn it over and ask Who is this? What is he famous for? Explain that he is probably the most important scientist who ever lived. And he’s British! Explain that Charles Darning’s theory of evolution was the first scientific theory to explain the appearance of not Just some, but all living species. Darning’s theory told us how all living things are related. It also explained the origin of new species, why some species became extinct and the reason for the great variety of life on earth, why there are so many â€Å"endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful†. Entry Sq: Who was Charles Darwin? Give children a potted history of his early life. See below) Display pictures of the young Darwin – he was only 25 – the map of Beagle’s Journey and tell the story of the Beagle’s voyage and of the many wonderful things Darwin observed. Talk about Darning’s fossils finds. Do you know what fossils are? Do you know where they are found? Http://www. Youth. Com/watch? V=KxDQwBZJ908=related Show fossil pictures and discuss. What are fossils? What do they tell us? What do marine fossils tell us when they are found at the top of a mountain? Describe and illustrate Darning’s fossil finds. It may help yr to remind them of their ‘Mountains’ epic and mountain rock layers are formed. Display the Homologous Structures picture. Chi work with a friend to solve the puzzle illustrated. What are the skeletons evidence of? What can be inferred from them? Remind chi about inferring from a text). Outdoor Task: Play at being paleontologists and fossil hunters. Children make fossils outdoors. (A day or two later they again play at being paleontologists and dig up another’s fossil, taking care not to damage it, Just as real scientists do). Take photos. Part 2- Darning’s observations caused him to think very deeply about Evolution. Evolution is about change over time. Specifically, it is about how species change over time. Emphasis the excitement, wonder and scientific endeavourer of observation in such weird and wonderful environments. What practical and/or scientific problems do you think Darwin faced? Watch the clip and answer these questions: How did such a wide variety of living organisms first appear on the Galapagos? After arriving what did many species begin to do? Http://science. Discovery. Com/videos/Galapagos-beyond-Darwin-Charles- Darwin. HTML What does ‘adapting mean? Can you give me an example from the clip? How do some of the organisms survive? Http://science. Discovery. Com/videos/ Galapagos-beyond-Darwin-creatures-of-Galapagos. HTML The things that help an organism survive are called traits’ and they can be passed on. Most traits are inherited (but not all), a bit like passing on hair and eye color. Show photos of a family if it helps clarification. Ask children to think about what the fossil record and the Genesis account tell us about the age of the earth and all that live upon it. What do they make of the fact that both geology and the fossil record tell us that the earth is billions of years old, et the bible says the earth was created only 6000 years ago? Which account is based on evidence and which account is simple belief? Help children to distinguish between scientific facts based upon other facts and overwhelming evidence, and stories which require only belief. A detective’s Who done-it’ puzzle may help (Sherlock Holmes was incorrect: it’s inductive not deductive reasoning). For the next lesson: Ask children to bring in a yoghurt tub, tongs, pegs, ladles and anything else that can be used as a pretend bird beak. The wider the range of implements the better. We also need plastic cups cut in half, very thin milk straws remind me to get some from Nursery and Reception waste bins! , long balloons, Jelly beans, smarmiest, a couple of tins of fruit cocktail, soft fruits, berries, fruit Juice, chick peas, peas, seeds, etc for food and at least one washing up bowl and a cereal or fruit bowl per 4 children. Ask children to bring in handfuls of the food stuff and can chuck it in a class box ready for the lesson. Talk about fossils. Find more clips and videos about fossils and the Galapagos Islands and watch them together. Make one at home and put a photo of it in your Journal. Draw pre-historic fossils such as Trilobites, too. Plaster of Paris or similar. Toy dinosaurs and dolls (undressed). Digging implements. Small brushes. A cardboard box for each toy brought in. A tent peg or nail. Post-it notes. Why are there no transitional fossils? Is a question a parent may ask. Here is an answer put in terms of a family photo album. Http://www. Youth. Com/watch? V=QywH7FOeKJO=mfu_in_order=UL This one shows evolutionary theory being used to predict which fossils should be found. Fabulous examples shown. It also explains why a crop-duck fossil (half crocodile, half duck) will never be found? The crocodile is a favorite line of ‘criticism’ by creationists and dim celebrities). Http://www. Youth. Com/watch? V=l_Dad_Eight=autoplay=ULQywH7FOeKJO=5=1 Re: Science: Children will be learning more about the variation, adaptation and habitats of living organisms during Science. However, their intellectual Journey will travel beyond the dreary diet of tautologies and soporific science found in the CA sow. L 7/8 – Evolution, Natural Selection and â€Å"the struggle for survival†. I can describe/explain how species change over time. I can describe/explain how inherited traits enable a species to survive. Natural Selection and â€Å"the struggle for survival†. Entry Joke Two friends are in the woods when a bear starts chasing them. The first friend begins to run. The second shouts, Mimi can’t outrun a bear! † The first friend looks over his shoulder and replies, â€Å"l don’t have to. I only have to outrun you. † Is there anything we can learn from this Joke? Entry Quotation It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent that survives. It is the one that is the most adaptable to change. Display the above. Can children illustrate its meaning with an example? Polar bears? Brown hares? Cactus? Explain that organisms have adapted to survive in many different environments. The question of how they evolved (changed) was Darning’s gift to the world. Ask: What does ‘evolution’ describe? Recall that evolution is about change. Explain Darwin was not the first to propose that species evolve (change) but he was the first to explain it. At least the first to explain it in a way that made sense and held up to scientific evidence. How does change occur? Darning’s explanation is called natural selection. It is such a simple (but profound) incept that we can describe it in one sentence: Those living things born with traits that give some advantage in survival and reproduction, will tend on average to leave more offspring that have those very traits. That’s it. That’s why species evolve (change). That’s why large amounts of time can result in large amounts of change. So what might ‘advantages’ look like? Display and explain Darning’s finches using the picture from the Natural Selection PPTP. Slide. Inform children that they are about to take part in the ‘Bird Beak Struggle’. Task 1: In groups of four, children play ‘Bird Beak Struggle’. Ask: Some of your ‘beaks’ were more successful at obtaining food than others. Why was that? What were the advantages of having beak X? What were the disadvantages of having beak X? How to cite Darvin and Evolution – Lesson Plan, Papers

Friday, December 6, 2019

Gas Laws free essay sample

Boles Law Introduction Air is all around us. We breathe in the air so that our body can receive adequate supply of oxygen gas. Our lungs expand as they fill with air and take in oxygen, and relax as they release carbon dioxide. Plants in turn, use up the carbon dioxide during the process of photosynthesis to manufacture sugars. Life as we know it would not have been possible without the life-sustaining gases found in the atmosphere Like breathing, many other human activities involve gases. When air is pumped into -5_ a bicycle or automobile tire, a mixture of gases is compressed into a small volume. Helium gas make toy balloons float. Gas used to fill rubber lifeboats and vests exerts pressure on its containers, giving them rigidity and shape. For centuries now, scientists are curious about how gases behave. Investigations on the behavior of gases mainly concern the relationship among the four important properties of gases: illume, pressure, temperature and amount in moles. We will write a custom essay sample on Gas Laws or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This lesson introduces the relationship between volume and pressure at constant temperature, which is also known as Boles Law. What you will do Activity The subscript of 1 refers to the original conditions while 2 refers to the new conditions. The figure on the right shows what happens to the volume of a sample of gas when pressure is increased while maintaining the temperature. Note the inverse relationship of pressure and volume. Figure 1. 3 Illustration of Boles Law Checkpoint Explain in terms of Boles law what happens when you alternately squeeze and release a hollow rubber ball. Answer: When you squeeze a hollow Auber ball, the volume decreases and the pressure within the ball increases. W the squeezing ceases, the volume increases and the pressure decreases within the ball. Are you ready to experience Boles Law in action? Try these activities on your own or together with a friend. -8- Activity 1. 3 In this activity, you will demonstrate Boles Law using simple materials. You will need several small marshmallows and a plastic syringe with a diameter large enough to fit the marshmallows. You will also need the plastic cap but not the needle of the syringe for this. Remove the plunger of the syringe and put the marshmallows inside. Return the plunger allowing only a small space for the marshmallows. Place the cap tightly (you may want to use wax to seal it). Slowly pull the plunger away and see how the marshmallows magically expand! They will return to the original size if you release the plunger. Can you explain these observations in terms of Boles Law? Try these Self-Test questions to check how well you understood Lesson 1 . Self-Test 1. 1 Directions: Read each item carefully and supply the required information. 1 . A certain model of a car has gas-filled shock absorbers to make the car run smoother and less bumpy. Describe the gases inside the shock absorbers hen the car is full of passengers compared to when the car is empty. 2. Which graph demonstrates Boles law? Vertical axis is V and horizontal axis is P a. B. C. D. 3. If the pressure on a gas is decreased by one-half, what will happen to its volume? 4. A 40 L balloon is filled with gas at 4 ATM. What will be its new volume at standard pressure of 1 ATM? 5. A gas at 30. ICC occupies 500 ml at a pressure of 1. 00 ATM. What will be its volume at a pressure of 2. 50 ATM? Key to answers on page 21 . Lesson 2. Charles Law Introduction In this lesson, we will investigate Charles Law, which relates changes in he temperature of a confined gas kept at a constant pressure to the volume of the gas. You will be introduced to another equation that determines the variation of gas volume with change in temperature. Discussion Jacques Charles was a French chemist famous for his experiments in ballooning. Instead of hot air, he used hydrogen gas to fill balloons that could stay afloat longer and travel farther. Figure 2. 1 Jacques Charles slaw/slaw. HTML Charles Law states that tort a given amount tot gas at constant pressure, the volume is directly proportional to the temperature in Kelvin, V a T. Charles Law is expressed in equation form as: TIFT = TV.

Friday, November 29, 2019

Managing Financial Performance †Beyond Budgeting Movement

Introduction Beyond budgeting movement is founded by the Beyond Budgeting Round Table organization in respond to shortcomings encountered with the use of traditional budgets. The traditional budgets are the annual budgets that organizations use to allocate resources and plan and implement in a fiscal year.Advertising We will write a custom critical writing sample on Managing Financial Performance – Beyond Budgeting Movement specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More An investigation was conducted by ‘Beyond Budgeting Round Table organization’ to establish the effectiveness of the traditional budget. Their findings formed a base to justify their ideas on beyond budgeting. The Beyond Budgeting Round Table organization is a movement that advocates for exchange of ideas concerning business management by giving out experiences as well as utilize research findings. The aim of the movement is to â€Å"help organizations introd uce ways to achieve more adaptive control and continuous planning† (Beyond budgeting Round Table, 2005, pp 1). Beyond budgeting movement incorporates the community using ideas that will enable organizations survive in a competitive surroundings. This paper will critically discuss how the traditional budget is inappropriate for modern business while the beyond budgeting movement is effective for modern business. Discussion of Beyond Budgeting Movement There are two group of doctrines that the beyond budgeting movement believe in. The First doctrines focus on the process of management while the second doctrines focus on the leadership of the organization. The process entails incremental growth in the objectives of the organizations where individual employers receive rewards on projects completed. The capital for a project is given upon request and the employees coordinate their activities towards a common goal. The leadership on the other hand is transparent and it encourages a tradition of achievements. The leadership let the employee make own targets and take responsibility of the outcome. The communication is open and shared within the organization. The procedure put more emphasis on how to satisfy the consumer needs by investigating their mannerisms and their beliefsAdvertising Looking for critical writing on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The movement argues that the inflexibility of the official procedure within organization is detrimental to the growth of an institution. The processes that cause delays due to long processes of business can be changed to allow for flexibility. In return the organization will experience enlargement. Additionally the organization upon embracing the beyond budgeting movement becomes accustomed to the transforming environment and in response increase the profits for the company. Operating cost incurred as a result of the hierarchical structure of the traditional organization structure is reduced as the procedure is decentralized (Beyond budgeting Round Table, 2005, pp 1). However, the beyond budgeting movement are effective in a dynamic environment. In an environment where the environment is predictable the traditional budget can be effective as long as the customer’s needs are met (Perks and Leiwy, 2010 p17). In accordance with Daum (2007, Para 2) the traditional annual budgeting is ineffective in the modern world. The process is void of incentives to workers and consumes a lot of time without fulfilling its targets. The organization is easily carried away by politics within the organization where the workers are preoccupied with personal success rather than the success of the organizational goals. The budget itself has limitations because it does not adjust to the surrounding environment; what is planed has to be followed. The company’s expansion or growth cannot be limited by the budget. Beyond budgeting movements encourage strategy with aspirations that guide the organization. It is noted by Daum (2007, Para 4) that the budgetary mechanisms raises a suspicious way of interaction among workers. Constrains within the organization emerge when there are changes within the market environment. For instance if the organization is required to introduce a marketing strategy when the products are not selling, the organization deals with the problem incongruously. Therefore, the business organizations can manage to maintain their expected income as well as stay at the top in competition if the organization embraces beyond budgeting.Advertising We will write a custom critical writing sample on Managing Financial Performance – Beyond Budgeting Movement specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Beyond budgeting movement entails making the distribution of resources flexible whenever market trends change. This will enable business to maximize on profits as resources are allocated according to the needs of the consumer, thus what the consumer wants is produced (Daum, 2007, Para 4). Beyond budgeting Round Table organization (2005, pp 1) argue that the beyond budgeting model does not exclude planning, instead it is a solution to the failure of the traditional budgets that has driven companies to do quarterly and short-range budgets. Therefore, the beyond budgeting model is a strategy that an organization can adopt to avoid making losses. As a result, the organizations are not affected by the irregular market drift that leave the organization with a deficit. The traditional annual budgets that were fixed where meeting the target was of high value is replaced by overall goals set by the executive and articulated by the workers who make their own targets in line with the overall goals. Most often as Beyond Budgeting Round Table Organization (2005, p 4) note the executive had pressure to meet targets that were the measurement and rewards in the traditional budget, at times the engaged in manipulative behavior. With the beyond budgeting movement, the executive have no predetermined targets hence the manipulative behavior is turned into rewards given upon assessment of the organizations advancement. Dyson (2009, p. 8) indicate that the traditional budget give a false hypothesis that future is taken care of in the budget whereas shortly after the financial the organization encounters budgetary difficulties. The beyond budgeting movement recognizes that budgetary evaluation is done after short period of time to monitor steps forward. The workers are involved in the development and implementation of the organizational goals while taking the shortest period of time.Advertising Looking for critical writing on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For that reason unpleasant long process that involved long term planning from the head offices in traditional budgeting is withdrawn (Beyond Budgeting Round Table Organization 2005, p 4). Proctor (2009, p 24) mentioned that the accountant control of the budgeting process is does not resign from doing management, the focus is shifted to managing strategies as they are implemented with the beyond budgeting model. Beyond Budgeting Round Table Organization (2005, p 4) in their research point out that resources are disbursed within a short period of time since the long process that required authorization from the central authorities in the organization are not needed. The members of staff are held responsible of their actions. Therefore, the decisions they make on allocation of resources must be based on established results from an inquiries. Consequently, the organization observes less wastage. The challenge of letting employee who make own targets can result into excessive pressure fro m the top management. The targets might be too high and demanding on the employees. Consequently, they may feel pressured leading to stress and at times departure from the organization. The targets set must therefore be realistic and attainable. Activities are coordinated towards meeting the customer demands within each unit. Accordingly, different departments harmonize their actions to give a fulfilling outcome to the market. In addition the focus on the budget is founded on the future rather than the past. Rarely do the beyond budgeting trace past budget to prepare a budget for the future. To measure progress, indicators of success and the evaluation according to standards are used Beyond Budgeting Round Table Organization (2005, p 6). The employees become motivated as they participate in decision making hence their loyalty remain with the organizational goals rather their superiors. The outcome is quality performance as responsibility is bestowed on the employees in areas within their mandate. Furthermore efficiency and effectiveness are realized on an improvement scale. Dependency on the central management is abandoned as the employees can make decisions stimulating innovativeness although a greater risk is imposed on the organization. This is due to the fact that a wrong decision might cost the organization severe losses. Furthermore, the team is answerable and reward able for the successes in the institute. This means that there is devolution of the authority within the organization (Beyond Budgeting Round Table Organization, 2005, p 9). Working in teams cause employees to have attachment to the organization and introduce healthy competition that create positive results in production and contentment of consumer demands. There are no intentional transactions or trading that the company must carry out. Besides healthy competition, the employee’s communication is improved when compared to the time when the traditional budget was in use. There is info rmation flow with the introduction of the beyond budgeting movement. The connection between the management and the employees has taken a new shape where the workers make few consultations with the top managers. The employees usually make decision without constantly consulting the managers. The employees make use of the information to make informed decisions alongside with clarity in operations. What’s more is that morals are held up as the tradition of secretively hiding reality and presentation of inaccurate information is no longer in practice Beyond Budgeting Round Table Organization (2005, p 9). The challenge comes in when the information is used to create games within the organization. These games may lead to disputes within the organization where resources allocation is based on unfair competition and create end up recalling the abandoned games practiced in the traditional budget. At times, some groups may end up without projects since employees must work to give an out put. Those left without the projects may end up being retrenched or lose their jobs. Conclusion For an organization to be successful, it can adopt the beyond budgeting model to realize growth in the changing environment. The market is unpredictable and has increasing competitors in the business. In order to stay at the top the budget can be made flexible and evaluated on shorter basis. The hierarchy and lack of information flow that characterize the budgetary process can be substitute to devolution where the employees can make decisions using the information available. This motivates employees to make own targets that are innovative. The leaders have to be realistic in setting attainable targets while ensuring that resources are allocated on merit to avoid games. The beyond budgeting movement help organization to avoid making losses and use their full potential to gain profits. Reference List Beyond Budgeting Round Table Organization. 2005. Finance Transformation Visionary  Honore d for his Dedication to the Beyond Budgeting Movement.  Web. Daum, J. H., 2007. Beyond Budgeting: A model for flexible enterprise control-  Beyond fixed annual budget and ineffective traditional management concepts. Web. Dyson, J R., 2009. Accounting for Non-Accounting Students, 8th edition, FT; Prentice Hall. Perks, R, and Leiwy, D., 2010. Accounting for Managers Interpreting Accounting  Information Decision Making, 3rd edition. New York: McGraw Hill. Proctor, R., 2009. Managerial Accounting for Business Decisions, 3rd edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. This critical writing on Managing Financial Performance – Beyond Budgeting Movement was written and submitted by user Mina Lester to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.